Paul Cézanne was a French painter born on January 19, 1839, in Aix-en-Provence. In 1852 Paul Cézanne entered the Collège Bourbon, where he met Émile Zola. Their friendship had an immense influence on both of them. Later, this friendship was broken as Zola wrote a novel about unsuccessful artist. Cézanne was the prototype of this artist.
In 1862, Cézanne went to Paris to study art. Cézanne’s early artworks were painted in dark tones. The artist painted his artworks representing contemporary life, life as it was without any idealization or stylistic affectation. Cézanne had developed a painting style that involved working outdoors. He may stand before nature during a long time and paint it.
Cézanne’s works received critical commentary when he exhibited his works with other impressionists in 1874 and 1877. To the exhibition which was held in 1877 Cézanne submitted 16 paintings. After this exhibition, Cézanne did not exhibit publicly for almost 20 years.
Cézanne’s left most of his works unfinished and destroyed many others. Among his the most famous paintings are the following: In the Man in a Blue Cap, Washing of a Corpse, House of the Hanged Man, the Portrait of Victor Choque, Portrait of Victor Choquet, Bay of Marseilles from L’Estaque, Mont Sainte-Victoire, the Cardplayers, the White Sugar Bowl, and the Great Bathers.
Cézanne had attained the status of a legendary figure. His paintings reveal a profound depth of feeling. Cézanne had synthesized the basic expressive and representational elements of painting in a highly original manner.
In 1886 he married Hortense Fiquet, a model with whom he had been living for 17 years, and his father died the same year.
While painting outdoors in the fall of 1906 Cézanne was overtaken by a storm and became ill. Cézanne died in Aix on October 22, 1906.