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Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van RijnFuture famous painting master was born in Leiden, The Dutch Republic, on July, 15, 1606. His family was wealthy, as his father was a miller, and the mother of a young artist had been a baker’s daughter. Rembrandt has finished the Latin school, and entered the University of Leiden, though he was inclined to painting.

The important acquaintance Rembrandt has made with a Leiden history painter; Jacob van Swanenburgh has turned him into the artist career. They’ve spent around three years, when the young Rembrandt was learning the painting techniques. After that, he’s taken a short and important scholarship at Amsterdam, where his teacher was the famous painter Pieter Lastman. That allowed him to open his own studio in 1624~1625, when he was only in the age of 18! He started it together with his friend Jan Lievens, and in 1627 he’d first accepted students.

In 1629 the statesman Constantijn Huygens had liked the Rembrandt’s paintings and recommended him to the prince Frederik Hendrik, who’s continued to buy the master’s paintings until 1646.

In 1631 Rembrandt had moved to the Amsterdam, rapidly developing capital of the Netherlands, and has started his practice as a portraitist, which has made him really popular and famous. He’s met and put up a friendship with an art dealer Hendrick van Uylenburg, whose cousin Rembrandt had married in 1634, in the local church of St. Annaparochie, without the presence of his parents.

Rembrandt has a big income, but anyway he wasn’t able to easily pay for his house, because the amount of money he spent was huge, and as a guess, he’d made some unprofitable investments. First three children Rembrandt and his wife Saskia have had, died in the early childhood, but the fourth, Titus has made it to the adulthood, though Saskia has died in 1642, soon after his birth. Rembrandt’s paintings of his wife, dying in the bed are ones of the most popular now.

Later, in 1640th, the famous artist had been in a relationship with a much younger Hendrickje Stoffels, with whom he’s had a daughter in 1654, but they won’t marry, because Rembrandt didn’t want to lose the access to the Titus’s trust at his mother’s will.

Through his love for the art, Rembrandt has lost most of his money, buying the pricey masterpieces and antiquities, which he had to sell in 1656. As the sales didn’t move on, in 1657 he was forced to sell his house and his printing press.

In 1661 he was ordered a big painting for the new built city hall, but the resulting work, The Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis, was rejected. In 1662-1667 Rembrandt had still worked as a painter with huge fees, Cosimo III de’Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, has been his client.

Rembrandt had died on October, 4, 1669 in Amsterdam and was buried in an unmarked grave in the Westerkerk.

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One Comments to “Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn”

  1. What techniques do you use when you draw?

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